PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, The Body Language Project: Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language. Allan and Barbara Pease are the internationally renowned experts in human relations and body language, whose 20 million book sales world- wide have turned. PDF | Barnga was created by Sivasailam Thiagarajan (known as Thiagi) and is considered the jibticutepo.gq The basis for the book, Body Language, was simply this reality: “A hundred times a day.
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Body language is nonverbal communication that involves body movement. body language which is absolutely non-verbal means of communication. People in. 17 Tactics for Reading People's Body Language. By Drake Baer. What you say communicates only about half of what people hear. According to UCLA professor . The Body Language of Liars. Read more When Body Language Goes Bad: A Dilbert Book · Read more Body Language in Business: Decoding the Signals. Read more Recommend Documents.
Embarrassment can be spotted easily as the photo portrays, head sunk into shoulders, the neck cannot be seen, and eyebrows are raised, biting a finger. Excited- As a rule most of the top half the body is involved to portray excitement. The jaw is open with awe, face is drawn back, eyebrows are usually lifted, a smile on the face will extended to the width of the face, hands will be raised, fists will be retracted and half closed, the head maybe sunk into the neck slightly.
Animals will curl up in order to protect themselves, we can observe this when for example a cat will freeze on the spot and arch its back while sending threatening messages to whoever it feels uneasy with.
Another frightened example but without a wall to support herself, the same natural reaction by raising her hand to cover the mouth area. It can also be a pretext to protect the facial area from a blow from an attacker. Another definition is when for example one sees something that maybe frightening, but not directly frightening for the subject, She could also be saying at the same time" Oh my god".
Not me please! Even though the terrorist may not have in the past committed a crime, but the actual act of terrorism or harming another person willfully is in itself a criminal act, and so the body language will be a similar as a seasoned hardline criminal. No matter how the seasoned criminal may try to hide his "Behavior Pattern Recognition" he will give himself away anyway with one form or another of typical body language, no matter how hard he may try to hide himself from being spotted.
Anders Breivik from Norway The most recent mass murderer Anders Breivik from Norway even in court charged with the murder of the 33 teenagers on holiday at a summer resort shows no remorse. Looking at his body language we see glazed eyes, eyebrows are raised slightly, a motionless face, pursed lips totally relaxed jawline.
Head is forward; shoulders back, hands are partly clasped, thumb to thumb denoting contempt. Looking at the subject from the eyes as the first focal point, we can see tunnel vision, where he can see nothing else other than his focus on a possible victim. Wearing a baseball cap to hide his face from overhead cameras, facial muscles are not relaxed denoting a tenseness, but are not locked, the mouth is closed not exposing his teeth. Hand is clenching tightly the phone.
At the same height we are observing also lower lip seems to be out of line with the upper lip, denoting tenseness and nervousness.
Head is forward and lowered showing an aggressive poise. A death sentence? Major Nidal Hassan, a Muslim and a former US Army Officer, a mass killer who butchered 13 of his fellow servicemen and wounded many more, in a shooting rampage in the name of Islam at Fort Hood in Texas.
If we look at photo 1, we can see a normal looking person who would not be identified as a criminal by his body language other than his eyes that are very similar in expression to photo 2, in photo 1 he is also smiling and this obviously before he committed the crime.
In photo 2 we can see the change in body language after being shot and detained we see him sitting in a wheelchair, eyes slanted to the right slightly but with a fixed gaze, head is slightly tilted to the right. In photo 3 we a similarity to photo 2 but a man with a beard, slouching to the left, eyes with a fixed gaze similar to tunnel vision, unshaven like most Islamic suicide terrorists as if waiting to meet Allah.
We can surmise a certain disappointment on his part by his general facial look that he did not meet Allah at the crime scene as he was shot and paralyzed, and now waiting for a death sentence to be handed down by the court. Sex offenders body language Sex offender's body language is quite difficult to spot even by the most highly trained body language experts. One thing is in common with most of the offender's that their personal appearance is slovenly, sloppy, usually unkempt, poorly shaven as in these 3 photo examples of convicted offenders in the USA and the UK.
All three of them have raised eyebrows, glazed eyes. A victim will find it hard to detect before confrontation with an assailant or a rapist. Most panic before the actual attack and can actually invoke an attack. In most cases a sexual Many are spotted by agents at airports, as airports are a favorite choice for speedily transporting narcotics to the downloaders and underworld distributors.
Most have a specific age range normally between: This broad spectrum makes it incredibly difficult to pinpoint a potential shoplifter based on physical appearance alone. Despite this difficulty, there are certain signs and behaviors that, if detected, can be very telling of a potential thief's intentions and can help stop crimes before they happen.
Shoplifters tend to have very jerky movements and their body language generally denotes both alertness and unease. A potential shoplifter will typically look around the store for signs of security cameras and other security devices, as well as to monitor the positioning of the store employees.
A shoplifter's visual preoccupation with everything going on in the store tends to leave his hands unguided to grab items without much regard for things like shape, size or style; this kind of disregard should be a red flag, as a normal shopper would typically take a bit more interest in an item he planned to download.
They will generally look for the easy items to steal, such as perfumes, aftershaves, lipsticks, cosmetic items that are easy to hide and have no electronic alarm stickers, especially perfume testers. The eyes are scanning everything around them, watching for management or security. Your approach often unnerves shoplifters and delays or alters their plans briefly. They may even show hesitation or confusion in their shopping.
They cannot prevent this — it is instinct. Robber's body language- All of them try to avoid eye contact, and try to hide eye contacts, other than with their victims, which also are subdued. Gangs that rob banks have individual body language and much harder to identify as they will more than likely to be wearing balaclavas or ski masks covering their entire facial makeup, and in all cases will be armed with handguns or automatic weapons.
These are the hardened criminals who do not have any consideration for innocent people getting killed or maimed. Not all robbers will risk a confrontation with weapons as a method of persuasion as they realize that if they are caught or shot, they risk a long sentence in prison just by the use of a firearm as part of the robbery plan, however a lot of robbers prefer not to go down that avenue as they are scared of the end result which could end up with innocent people getting killed.
Most prefer the use of aggressive body language as a means of persuasion to hand over the cash! Arrives at the counter facing the bank teller, head is bowed slightly trying to avoid being caught in CCTV, left hand holds the envelope while the right hand is holding a demand note, which is subsequently passed to the teller.
Then he turns and makes a run to get away from the scene. There is no indication that he is carrying a gun by his "Body Language Makeup" There are no bulges in his trouser pockets that would suggest a weapon of some sorts.
Notice the peaked cap covering any eye contact with him and the inability of security cameras to catch a full visual make up of his face. On his right arm just under the sleeve there seems to be a partially exposed tattoo. The way his body and stance are facing to the right, he seems to have a bulge under his polo shirt on the left side that could suggest he is carrying a weapon of some sorts.
The polo shirt seems to be slightly raised on the let side of his body, which another indicator of a potential weapon. It is unlikely that he is carrying a wallet in his pocket with identification for fear of dropping it in the process of a robbery. There also seems to be a bulge as well in his left trouser pocket which is a further clue to a weapon. As he is facing the CCTV camera in photo 2, we can see the bulge in his left pocket, and even if the bulge is partly covered by the shirt it seems that he is carrying a weapon.
His head and most of his face in photo 1 are concealed by his cap, even though he is facing the teller. He is taking precautions by not looking directly at the teller, looking left and right as illustrated in photo 2.
During the robbery has spotted the cameras and in photo 3 he is making his exit, while his head is turned to the left, obviously to avoid the cameras that are located on the right side of his body. We can see that he is still pre- occupied in looking around to see if he has been spotted.
Even when we see him leaving the scene that there is no indication that he was carrying a gun. Full facial view!
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Obviously he has something concealed in his left pocket that could be a weapon or he is trying to impress the teller that he has a weapon. He is attempting to reach for it with his left hand, while he is handing her a note with his free hand.
He may have or may not have a weapon. On the other hand he does not want to risk an armed robbery where innocent people can be hurt. By his body language he is making an effort to convince the teller to hand over the cash without initiating violence which is normally part and parcel of a robbery. In photo 2 there is absolutely no way that we can tell what his intentions are as there is no visual contact frontally.
From the camera footage we cannot ascertain whether this robber is carrying a gun, however there is a distinct possibility that this maybe the case as he is making every effort to disguise himself from being identified on camera. Gang robber's body language Bank robbery in process! The first thing that we can observe is the first robber, who is left handed brandishing a hand gun, running towards what seems to be an information desk, surprising whoever is in the vicinity.
His face is covered as is his partner who is walking into the bank, carrying what seems to be an empty satchel or bag in his left hand.
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The first robber seems to be braking with his initial run towards the desk. The second robber is pointing his gun to the right to cover and threaten any other person in the vicinity.
When police officers bring in a suspect for questioning, they are on the lookout for signs that the person is lying to them. Some people train themselves to hide the fact that they are lying, but members of the police force are also trained to spot those signs. Some signs are more obvious than others. Someone who is fidgety and sweating profusely exhibits a much stronger clue of giving false information than someone who is sitting still and appears to be calm. Sweating is an involuntary reaction, so this can be an indicator.
Others may have a nervous habit that can indicate when they are lying, such as twisting their hair or wringing their hands. However, body language should not be used as the only indicator as it is also a legitimate sign of nervousness in general.
Someone who is lying during an interrogation will often describe details vaguely or not include them at all. The suspect is hoping to remove suspicion by showing how little he knows about what happened. However, police officers are trained to dig for details. The officer will ask questions, leading the suspect to continue to give more details. The more details he gives, the more likely he will get caught in lies. As a result, the reaction time is typically too fast or too slow compared to the reaction time of genuine feelings.
A lying suspect also tends to exaggerate the emotions, holding on to the visible reaction too long and then abruptly returning to normal. Agitation is a common emotional sign of lying. Officers also watch facial expression as a forced facial expression uses far fewer muscles than a natural one.
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The police interview The interviewing officer is explaining the suspect's predicament while watching the body language reactions to the interrogation. Interrogation for some people is an ordeal, for others who are used to police interrogations are those that have become hardened to the actual act of questioning by the officer or the accuser.
Some will not bat an eyelid or show no apparent signs of nervousness to an untrained body language interpreter, and they will spot your body language as it they themselves have been through a course of body language under stress or duress. However Sometimes we have to use a technique to aggravate body language in order to get the desired results in an interrogation. Suspect putting on a show of anger while being led to the interview room As we see in the footage of the picture, 2 detectives are escorting the suspect to the interview room where he will be seated opposite the interrogator and across the table from the second detective and adjacent to an observation mirror; in order to capture his body language reactions to the crime he is accused of from an angle.
The interrogator will be observing the body language and behavior patterns from a frontal confrontation, while the second detective will be observing from the side and using the mirror to see the reactions from the blind side. Suspect initiating the interview While observing the interrogation procedure we can see a number of body language scenarios in the process, where the detective and the interrogator are sitting in a relaxed mode.
The interrogator is leaning back in his chair, a leg is crossed over the other, while the crossed leg is slightly outstretched, denoting a posture of relaxation, is facing directly towards the suspect. There is a space between him and the suspect in order not to invade If the space is invaded then the suspect at this stage of the enquiry will close up and the idea at this stage is to get him to open up, without putting on any pressure.
The same can be said regarding the detective who is facing the suspect's right side and observing his left side movements via the observation mirror. The detective is also sitting in a relaxed posture while they both are attempting to get the suspect to open up voluntarily without the need for aggravated body language on the part of the police officers.
The suspect as we can see is starting to feel the pressure slowly, sitting upright, leaning forward, stabilizing himself with his left hand on his leg, while both legs are crossed, and he is sitting on the edge of the chair, he is also sitting at a slight angle on the chair which will show also fear as he will be expecting violence on the part of the police towards him, he is also trying to close the distance between himself and the interrogator, using his right hand, palm opened, fingers spread, that denote an attempt to convince the police that he is telling the truth, but in reality, he is lying as he is attempting to use his body language reactions as a signal that he is volunteering information that maybe true or false.
The suspect's facial body language in the second slide is showing signs of submission, neck outstretched, the face is tense, muscles are tight, his mouth seems to gape which will denote an element of shock and surprise.
He has also a halfhearted smile as if he taunting the police officers. Putting on the pressure to provoke a body language reaction.
Suspect's initial reaction: What do you want from me? In many cases where a "Heavy criminal" is suspected sometimes the detectives have to pile on the pressure to get a statement, and to be able to get to the bottom of an investigation. As we can see by the previous slides where the suspect is openly volunteering information by his body language may be off and not what the detectives are looking for, then they have tp put on the pressure in order to get to the truth. As we can see the questioning detective is confronting the suspect, by standing at his side, with one hand on the chair behind the accused back and the other hand is placed at his waist level.
The accused is seen leaning back in the chair, head set into his neck away from the detective. The suspect's right arm is The accused is realizing that he has been cornered and does not know how to get out of his predicament.
Looking at the second illustration we see the accused sweating, his mouth is starting gape wide open, eyebrows are raised, extenuating the lines on his forehead, his eyes are transfixed on the detective as if showing a state of shock.
Pondering and in deep thought! Reassurance from the police! After being faced with the facts and evidence against him the suspect is in deep thought, wondering what will happen next! His eyes are transfixed at an angle to the left, eyebrows have drooped towards his eyes, jaw and mouth are tense, covering his chin with his hand, while leaning at an angle to the right to steady himself and is anticipating that he is has been trapped and has no way out of the predicament.
Face muscles are tense; his upper body is leaning away from the detective as if trying to move away from him, and to gain space away from the confrontation that is sure to come. The officer is exhibiting relaxation by sitting on the edge of the chair, legs spread to steady himself, left arm is resting on his legs while his right arm has closed the distance between himself, and his hand is placed on the suspect's left shoulder, his head has leaned forward in an attempt to close the space between them, behaving in a sort of subordinate situation where he is trying to gain the suspect's confidence.
By his body language is attempting to melt the ice that existed between them before. On the other hand is also convincing the suspect to tell the truth about his activities before a confrontation with the suspect's victim. Her left leg is leading the right leg at the entrance to the room and her right leg is cautiously placed behind her body to stabilize herself as she looks down towards the suspect who is cowering behind the table as the detectives towards her.
By her body language she seems to be talking to the suspect and saying to him " Look what you did to me, you scumbag" "You hurt me, you piece of garbage, why me? He is sitting very nervously behind the table, looking upwards towards the woman as if he is shocked at her, his right hand is on the table for support, while is left arm is free and palm is opened upwards.
His body is leaning towards the woman; his shoulders seem to be hunched as if cowering and begging for mercy.
On the other hand his reactions would also note some remorse for his behavior towards the woman. At the same time he could also deny that he knows the victim as if saying to her: The detective is a dominating posture while looking down at the suspect, controlling the situation, as we can see the suspect's lips are pursed in what we may called "The cornered look" Looking for space.
Instead of sitting across the table from the suspect, the officer is standing away from the suspect, while placing a chair also between them, arms are folded, the officer is deliberately standing opposite him with folded arms to show confidence at the same time looking down at the suspect to make him feel uncomfortable. The suspect is leaning back in the chair, feet on the ground and are anchored to the floor while his hands are on the table to stabilize himself, while realizing that he is cornered by looking up at the officer to see what is coming next.
We look at the head of the person and work down his body, via his arms, right to his legs.
His head is always the focal point of our interest. The brain is stored in his head and commands all body movements or reactions whether intended or not intended. Owing to set circumstances in Israel, such as the threat of suicide bombings as an everyday occurrence, certain standards of BL identification were developed, based on basic Body Language identification and upgraded to identify potential threats before they occur , whether it maybe in a supermarket, airport, shopping mall, school, train station, bus station, campuses, in fact anywhere!
It can be adapted to identify other threats of terrorism as well! It can be adapted to any kind of security environment, but its use is totally an Israeli development to fight terrorism. No other country in the world today has any answer to this kind of terrorism other than the Israeli Security Forces and Police. We know that "things" or "objects" do not carry out terrorist attacks! Humans do!
We took the human body and divided it up into threat zones from every angle, hence the Degree Body Language Identification Definition. The head being the focal point and the command center of the body!
We examined the entire body from every direction as a potential threat of an attack. Does not have to be a terrorist attack, but the identification methodology is the same!
The body is divided into threat zones and levels of threats from the head to the feet. Without the head there is no body language. Without the Neck there is no Body Language -illOversized Clothes to cover up intentions and objects to be hidden on the body.
Threat level identification by body profile break up: The legs In order to face a threat level, the process commences from the top of the head downwards or a number of processes at the same time. The face is divided into a number of threat zones from all angles, hence the terminology degree identification.
We cannot single out any one particular threat zone as the only threat; we have to look for a combination of threat signals that that particular person is a definite threat.
At the same time that we have identified the threat via facial signals, we also have to look for the tools to carry out the threat such as the hands, while looking at the torso as well to check if there is a breakup of the subject's body profile that looks abnormally big for example in comparison to the person's normal physical makeup.
This may be difficult even for a trained security operative to spot, but even with that phase eliminated the operative will be looking for other threat indicators from the rest of the body at the same time he will be running his eyes down the suspect's body to spot the threat for example from the neck, hands and the upper torso, and chest area of the person.
If we are looking for example for a suicide bomber that will be wearing a suicide vest packed with explosives under a safari jacket or an overcoat, then we will be looking for a physical break up of that person's body as a suicide bomb vest is a difficult object to hide without breaking up the persons natural physique and body shape.
Not only had that, in order for the bomb to be hidden then we will be looking for outsize upper attire with a noticeable bulge under the clothing. In some people the neck arteries stand out when excited or nervous or are stressed.
The legs serve as the carrier of the bomb and are least identified as a threat, other than the fact when we observe someone running towards us that they are carrying an object that may be a threat. The legal weapon and how is it detected? What is it? Has anyone thought that an innocent looking credit card can be turned into a lethal weapon and its potential cannot be spotted unless a body language expert can pick up the threatening behavior patterns beforehand?
There is only one way to inaugurate a frisk or search to find such a weapon and that is too question the suspect with deliberate trick questions and to observe hand movements on the subject. As a selector or a security operative we have to observe with 2 eyes. One on the face to look for deliberate lack of eye contact, and the other to watch for fidgety hand movements.
The new terror threat facing Body Language Interpreters The surgically implanted bomb Probably the biggest headache facing the security forces and the body language interpreters, and how to overcome this kind of threat, concocted by fanatical terror groups in attempt to outwit security in sensitive, and crowded places such as airports, aircraft, banks, subways, and bus terminals etc..
You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. These include accent, loudness, tempo, pitch, cadence, rate of speech, nasality and tone, insofar as these convey meaning.
These can be associated with culture, such as the different ways various cultures accept the practice of belching. In Arab culture, for example, speaking loudly connotes sincerity, whereas in North America it often is interpreted as aggressive. Another factor that offers various interpretations. Chronemics Chronemics deals with the use of time as an element of communication. Chronemics considers the use of monochronemics doing one thing at a time, emphasis on schedules and promptness, getting to the point quickly versus polychronemics doing several things at a time, emphasis on people and the whole of relationships.
Monochronemics practice or conversation is common in Northern Europe and North America. Meanwhile, Latin American, Asian and Mediterranean cultures are more likely to use polychronemics conversation. While these nonverbal behaviors can indicate feelings and attitudes, research suggests that body language is far subtler and less definitive that previously believed.
The body language signals may also differ on the basis of gender, cultural and environmental influences. Proxemics People often refer to their need for personal space, which is also an important type of nonverbal communication.
One aspect of this is the closeness between and among people when they speak, and the significant role that culture plays in this. A number of factors including social norms, situational factors, personality characteristics and level of familiarity also influence these zones classifications The father of Proxemics, Edward T. Looking, staring and blinking are also an important determining factor. When people encounter people or things that they like, the rate of blinking increase and pupils dilate.
Looking at another person can indicate a range of emotions, including hostility, interest and attraction. People who has eye contact are viewed as confident, credible and having nothing to hide.
Haptics Communicating through touch is another important nonverbal behavior. There has been a substantial amount of research on the importance of touch in infancy and early childhood. Baby monkeys raised by wire mothers experienced permanent deficits in behavior and social interaction. Simple messages such as a firm handshake, a timid tap on the shoulder, a warm bear hug, a patronizing pat on the head or a controlling grip on an individual personal can be a critical type of touch factors.
Appearance Our choice of color, clothing, hairstyles and other factors affecting appearance are also considered a means of nonverbal communication. Research on color psychology has demonstrated that different colors can invoke different moods. Even adornments, body piercing and tattoos are also another form of appearance that a reflective in nonverbal communications.
Future Expectation Despite the cues and behaviors, the future might bring other novel modes of communication.
One such mode is already in the offing, involving what can be called brain waves. Through scientific experimentation, that all mental processes, in both humans and animals, are accompanied by the production of a complex pattern of minute electric currents.
Each mental process is associated with its own individual pattern of electric fluctuation. Experimenters have been able to record them. It was also discovered that by relaying back these electric currents, it is possible to recreate in the mind of the recipient the mental process associated with a particular set of patterns. Jose Delgado who, using equipment to relay minute electric currents, was able to control a bull charging at him in the ring has spectacularly demonstrated the effectiveness of this method.
This method, when developed for human use, could be called artificial telepathy and it would come under the heading of extra-lingual transfer of information between entities, and so would classify as a means of nonverbal communication.Not only would that he also be trying to make the subordinate uneasy at the encounter.
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Wearing a baseball cap to hide his face from overhead cameras, facial muscles are not relaxed denoting a tenseness, but are not locked, the mouth is closed not exposing his teeth. For example, when teaching about the word "cry", teachers can imitate a crying person. The other side of body language is that of the investigators' themselves. When we start to read body language, we first gaze into the eyes as the first focal point of interest when disseminating a person's intentions whether friendly or not.
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