This national bestseller exploring the complex emotional lives of animals was hailed as "a masterpiece" by Elizabeth Marshall Thomas and as "marvelous". 𝗣𝗗𝗙 | On Jan 1, , William C McGrew and others published Review of When Elephants Weep, by J. Masson & S. McCarthy. [DOWNLOAD] When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals by Jeffrey Moussaieff. Masson, Susan McCarthy. Book file PDF easily for everyone and.
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However the artistic achievement of the antiquity, as a point of origin and a point of reference, made possible once and for all the application of the comparative method, and established its theory and practice as well. He also added another important aspect to the compari- son of achievements: the comparison of Roman and Greek, the evaluation of the achievement of Roman literature compared to Greek literature.
He does this in a rhetorical history that is based on evolution, which he blends with visual analogy of a Hellenistic origin. X 1, This is the function of no other of the arts, each of which is able to instruct and persuade in its own spe- cial subject; thus, medicine deals with health and sickness, geometry with the properties of magnitudes, arithmetic with number, and similarly with all the other arts and sciences.
Manual When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals
But Rhetoric, so to say, appears to be able to discover the means of persuasion in reference to any given subject. That is why we say that as an art its rules are not applied to any particular definite class of things.
This interpreta- tion of ancient texts is precisely what in my opinion would be appealing to con- temporary readers: the analysis of the narrative strategy, with the help of com- parative methods. It is a well known peculiarity of antique literature that mythic or other kinds of texts came down to us in different narratives.
This peculiarity thus also points out a very promising way of interpreting ancient texts. My example that will demonstrate the practice of this interpretative strategy, will be a passage taken not from a literary text in the strict sense.
Apart from giving information and scientific description on different subjects, we find in it the recitation of histori- cal events, marvellous or fantastic events the so called mirabilia , plenty of anecdotes, moralizing digressions, or hymnic praises.
There is no type of text which could not be found in the monumental encyclopaedia, and we find these texts either in isolation from each other, or sometimes mixed within the intro- duction of a certain topic. Only a small fraction of the 34 chapters imparts scientific information, and even these are linked by numerous 6 Freese This happened in 55 BC, and the costs of the construction as well as the many days long celebration following the dedicatio was paid by Pompeius Magnus, who acted as the consul that year.
The celebrations included various spectacles presented in the Circus Maximus, for example fights be- tween animals venationes.
[P.D.F] When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals
The event — beside being a significant point in the history of the Roman theatre — was a milestone in the history of circus specta- cles, because this was the first time that a lot of wild animals were staged: lions Nat. VIII 53 , panthers Nat. VIII 64 , lynxes for the first and last time Nat.
VIII 70 , and many 17 or 20 elephants Nat. VIII : Pompei quoque altero consulatu,10 dedicatione templi Veneris Victricis,11 viginti pugnavere in circo aut, ut quidam tradunt, XVII, Gaetulis ex adverso iaculantibus, mirabili unius dimicatione, qui pedibus confossis repsit genibus in catervas, abrepta scuta iaciens in sublime, quae deciden- tia voluptati spectantibus erant, in orbem circumacta, velut arte, non furore beluae iacerentur.
Magnum et in altero miraculum fuit, uno ictu occiso; pilum autem sub oculo adactum in vitalia capitis venerat.
Universi eruptione temptavere, non sine vexatione populi, circumdatis claustris ferreis. Qua de causa Caesar dictator postea, simile spectaculum editurus,12 euripis harenam circumdedit, quos Nero princeps sustulit equiti loca addens.
VIII 16 , M. For a detailed analysis of the appearance of elephants in Italy and Rome, see Scullard , XV 32; Suet. There was also a marvellous occurrence in the case of another, which was killed by a single blow, as the javelin striking it under the eye had reached the vital parts of the head.
The whole band attempted to burst through the iron palisading by which they were enclosed and caused considerable trouble among the public. Owing to this, when subsequently Caesar in his dictator- ship was going to exhibit a similar show he surrounded the arena with channels of water; these the emperor Nero removed, when adding special places for the Knighthood.
The three episodes are evoked within this biographical frame, which is linked by the occasion as well as the clever rhetoric of the narrator. The dramatic presentation of the three epi- sodes evokes even stronger emotional reactions, even stronger sympathy and compassion in the reader. By structuring the text, heightening its emotional depth, and emphasizing the suffering of the animals with the help of his rhetoric, Pliny points out that the cause of the fail- ure was the suffering the animals had to endure.
There are a few remarks that are of greater importance than it might seem. The formulation of that sentence about the latter is full of phrases meaning pity, begging and their synonyms: misericordiam vulgi inenarrabili habitu quae- rentes supplicavere quadam sese lamentatione conplorantes.
Not without reason, because another occurrence sheds light on the real, more prosaic event and its explanation. Things went from bad to worse when the elephants — bewildered by the situation — wanted to break through the bars surrounding the stage, thus fright- ening the people.
IX 46, b 18 passim and Cic. See also Scullard , About this, see Meijer , As opposed to Pompeius, who — obviously with the aim of gaining politi- cal profit — regarded the spectacular fight more important than the safety of the audience.
The significance of the event is shown by the fact that its memory was pre- served by three texts, and was preserved for years. VII 1, 3 : Extremus elephantorum dies fuit: in quo admiratio magna vulgi atque turbae, delectatio nulla exstitit; quin etiam misericordia quaedam consecuta est atque opinio eiusmodi esse quandam illi beluae cum genere humano societatem.
The last day was for the elephants. The groundlings showed much astonishment thereat, but no enjoyment. There was even an impulse of compassion, a feeling that the monsters had something human about them. This account, or short sketch is drawn up to illustrate the moralizing thought that educated people can find pleasure in the slaughter of people and animals fighting in the arena Fam.
When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives
VII 1, 3 : sed quae potest homini esse polito delectatio, cum aut homo imbecillus a valentissima bestia laniatur aut praeclara bestia venabulo transverberatur? Auget , His most important point of view is not scientific, but ethical: what does not do good to people should not be known, but forgotten, lest it would not find followers.
But in the center of this biographical frame we do not find the elephant fight, and even less the suffering elephants, but Pompeius himself: Ille se supra rerum naturam esse tunc credidit, cum tot miserorum hominum catervas sub alio caelo natis beluis obiceret, cum bellum inter tam disparia animalia committeret, cum in conspec- tum populi Romani multum sanguinis funderet mox plus ipsum fundere coacturus; at idem postea Alexandrina perfidia deceptus ultimo mancipio transfodiendum se praebuit, tum demum intel- lecta inani iactatione cognominis sui.
When he was casting so many troops of wretched human beings to wild beasts born under a dif- ferent sky, when he was proclaiming war between creatures so ill matched, when he was shed- ding so much blood before the eyes of the Roman people, who itself was soon to be forced to shed more, he then believed that he was beyond the power of Nature. But later this same man, betrayed by Alexandrine treachery, offered himself to the dagger of the vilest slave, and then at last discovered what an empty boast his surname was.
According to his narrative XXXIX 38, the specta- tors pitied the few elephants still alive, who walked around wounded in the arena of Circus Maximus, and wept with their trunks raised towards the sky, as if they were complaining about the oath made by their drivers. The rumour was that before they were taken away from Libya, the elephants refused to enter the 25 Shackleton Bailey The memory of the case of the weeping elephants goes from Cicero to Cas- sius Dio, and the authors preserve and continuously reconstruct it.
As for the narrative tech- nique, we can evaluate the stories of Seneca and Pliny as well structured narra- tives. The latter stands out from the rest of the texts in its detailed account of the event, as well as because of its structure that relies on the rhetorical figure of gradation.
Finally this is the only narrative that does not want to make a scapegoat out of Pompeius, and instead lays the emphasis on the emotional in- tensity of the scenario. Given the genre and the narrative of Naturalis Historia, we have to ask why.
The narrative almost disregards one of the most important outcomes of the events, the mentioning of which breaks the momentum of the narration, and thus attracts our attention to itself: that Caesar sometime later — exactly because of what happened — had a moat built between the stage and the auditorium. Pliny could not have written more modestly about this precaution, mentioning it only in the beginning of the narrative, and he did not accentuate this as a logical punch line.
VII His military victories are not called trium- phuses, but the slaughter of millions of people, and the spectacles organized for the people are regarded as the reprehensible manifestations of luxuria.
VII humani generis iniuriam , and the spectacles and construction he funded from his own wealth were addressed as the deplor- able examples of luxury Nat. The text gives a clear, but false explanation for this: Caesar spilled the blood of citizens Nat.
VII 92 , while Pompeius ended the civil war Nat. In the narrative about the elephant fight, Pliny expects the ungrateful people to acknowledge what he reproached, not Pompeius, but Caesar for: the specta- cles and the construction of buildings that made Rome more beautiful. The problem is that he is pulling emotions out of his butt and saying "It could be this Science can only work with falsifiable claims and who can say whether or not a mother lion feels sadness or anguish at her cub's death?
It simply cannot be tested, at least not until we fully understand the complete biological composition of emotion. I do think works such as this are valuable. Animal suffering is inexcusable and people do need to be aware of it. The Emotional Lives of Animals I think the author's efforts should be aimed at social awareness rather than disdain for objective science. Jul 14, Cheryl marked it as xx-dnf-skim-reference.
So much work has been done since this was written, over two decades ago, that all I can say is Yay! I don't have to resort to trying to read this.
I found this book to be fascinating, as well as somewhat disappointing. The author makes the argument that the fear of committing anthropomorphism has biased the scientific study of animals- with this I can agree.
However, the author's own bias against scientists who avoid making observations of what appears to be emotions in animals is reflected in the writing. His own bias hinders a comprehensive look at the emotional lives of animals. Aside from his understandingly jaded viewpoint the book I found this book to be fascinating, as well as somewhat disappointing.
Aside from his understandingly jaded viewpoint the book provides stories of animal emotions that are surprising and inspiring, as well as frustrating and depressing!
Jun 10, Faye rated it liked it Shelves: The concept of this book is pretty simple. It's just basically saying that animals have emotions, in many different aspects. How they face embarrassment, love, joy, etc. And that's all in the form of many different anecdotes.
I loved reading about animals doing these human like things but it was getting a little repetitive in some areas. I get it-animals experience emotions. Nonetheless, this was still intersting to read. Not really informational, but good for animal lovers and I guess it's also p The concept of this book is pretty simple. Not really informational, but good for animal lovers and I guess it's also pretty good evidence for the fact that animals are pretty cool: Jan 27, Marley rated it really liked it Shelves: I have a feeling I'm not going to finish this one.
The Emotional Lives of Animals
The writing is dense and not that accessible It starts with a justification of the book, the idea that animals have emotions that are at least somewhat comparable to human emotions and that this deserves study.
But that goes on for too long. Interesting anecdotes about animals; I enjoyed it. Aug 15, Natasha O'rourke rated it liked it. I wanted to like this more than I did. It has some interesting tidbits and case studies, but the author is kind of all over the place and contradicts himself a lot.
I believe animals have emotions, but I didn't feel like he made his case as compelling as he could have. But it's an interesting read. Mar 28, Karyn Schwitters rated it it was amazing. This book revolutionized the way I saw animals.
I think it is the responsibility of every human to make themselves aware of the capacity of animals' to love, grieve, play, and ponder. May 22, Jennifer rated it it was ok. Kind of obvious stuff about animals. Nov 16, Abby Kennedy rated it really liked it.
The book contains many incredible accounts of animals displaying their emotions which gives the reader insight into their fascinating world. This book is written more like a textbook with no plot structure. It is written with specific headings and multiple topics. A few of these topics include the areas of fear, rage, dominance, cruelty, beauty, and shame, as well as grief.
Although this structure may seem odd for a novel, it functions well for this book because it helps the reader better digest the broad topics presented by the author. The overall theme of this novel is that animals are more complex than the scientific world is willing to recognize, but understanding their ability to express emotion will lead to humans treating them more fairly.
When Elephants Weep I found the author's bias toward animal welfare influenced the conclusions reached in the text. The author is not shy about expressing his strong opinions even though, he is writing a scientific novel.
In addition, the author uses diction to add meaning to his book.
He used strong words that efficiently and clearly got his point across and in this way enhanced my understanding. I loved this book because it changed my way of thinking.
The novel shed light on animals' emotions in connection to humans and made me more observant of human behavior. The author discusses what constitutes certain emotions such as love, fear, and jealousy, and why animals feel them. This made me question what constitutes certain emotions and distinguishes them from others.
In addition, it made me more observant towards my own pets: I am able to recognize certain behaviors as an expression of their emotions.
Another interesting part about this book is the specific stories that Masson uses. The stories had the power to make me empathize with the animal furthering his argument. It is also important to note that Masson takes stories from many different places around the world as well as across many species to show the universality of his argument.
This gave me a sense that the author was extremely credible because of the many acclaimed scientists that his research comes from. Overall, I enjoyed this book and I would recommend it to readers that have a deep interest in animal science.
I myself am captivated by animal behavior and am even looking to become a veterinarian one day, so this subject matter interested me. However, some of my classmates, who were animal lovers but not interested in animal science, did not find it an enjoyable read. At some points, the book could be slightly difficult to follow as well as repetitive because it has no plot. However, if you can get though the tough parts, this book has the potential to enlighten your understanding of animals and their world.
This novel also opens the door for future research. It has the potential to lay the foundation for the next major breakthrough in animal behavioral science. This makes the novel even more compelling because of the potential it has to influence generations to come. Nov 15, Anna rated it really liked it.
When Elephants Weep by Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson Review by Anna Dicranian This book was a fact-packed read filled with insight on animal behavior and feelings from scientists, and the author himself. Although there was repetition of the main findings, I learned a multitude of new information on animal communication and forms of expression.
Even though many people believe we are superior based on our ability to talk to each other, these scientists can immediately counter that statement by showing only a few of the many ways and instances that these observed creatures find methods to show their feelings and concern for one another. Attempting to find a bias in this book proved rather difficult, as the author made sure to simply state facts backed with evidence that the reader could not turn down.
However, this book as a whole was geared towards the general belief that animals do, in fact, feel and sense emotions. The reoccurring idea in this book consists of the evaluation of expression of feelings such as joy, anger, fear, and compassion, offering proof of the existence of these emotions within all animals. Furthermore, this affects our view on hunting and domestication, along with deciding where to draw the line on which animals we volunteer for scientific experiments.
The introduction of named, documented animals with intricate friendships, opinions, personalities, and preferences begin to shape in our minds a powerful sense of understandable and similar lives to all people. So much so, that the only pertaining characteristic of humans that is not shared with all these creatures is the ability of speech as we know it.
Although, within species, animals have certain calls and actions that they each understand and respond to, but we cannot as humans. Throughout all of When Elephants Weep, scientific studies and ethnologists were referred to and quoted, entrusting the author and resulting in the reader realizing they are agreeing with him, whether or not they started out that way.
This is partly due to emotions such as depression, hopefulness, and anxiety that are felt deeply, but hardly expressed on the outside. I felt this book held a powerful argument for animal sensibility, and greatly altered the way I viewed animals, especially as a pet owner. Understanding the reality of unique character within animals helped to analyze deeper why they do what they do, more than just what they are doing.
What Others Have Said. Nov 14, Trinity Johnson rated it it was amazing. Masson does an excellent job of highlighting these traits that are present in both animals and humans alike: He is equally able to bring to light the tendency of humanity to denigrate and devalue the emotive qualities animals often display.
When Elephants Weep by Masson and McCarthy is a nonfiction novel that dabbles in the frequently debated, or ignored, question of whether or not animals have emotions.
From a wide variety of credible scientists, Masson locates stories and places where animals have expression the basic emotions of love, hate, shame, or even jealousy. Jeffrey Masson on the Emotional Lives of Animals He spans over all varieties of animals; from elephants to lemurs, dogs to monkeys, birds to lions. And in each chapter, and sub category of each chapter, Masson repeats the same rhetorical mantra of why humans continue to ignore the obvious in the evidence that he really the animals themselves provide.Chapters on love, joy, anger, fear, shame, compassion, and loneliness are framed by a provocative re-evaluation of how we treat animals, from hunting and eating them to scientific experimentation.
About Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson. Related Articles. Magnum et in altero miraculum fuit, uno ictu occiso; pilum autem sub oculo adactum in vitalia capitis venerat. The problem is that he is pulling emotions out of his butt and saying "It could be this Science can only work with falsifiable claims and who can say whether or not a mother lion feels sadness or anguish at her cub's death?
The theme of this book is that science cannot produce an explanation for emotion but through interpretation of actions can prove that it exists.