Through wonderful readings and carefully designed activities, this best-selling series helps students develop reading skills and systematically increase their active vocabulary. Learners develop useful and relevant vocabulary while exploring and expanding critical thinking skills. Thoughts and Notions pdf - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Thoughts & Notions book. Read 9 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Through wonderful readings and carefully designed activities, thi.
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Reading and Vocabulary Development 2: Thoughts and Notions, Second Edition. Patricia Ackert and Linda Lee. Publisher, Adult and Academic ESL: James W. Thoughts & Notions. Reading & Vocabulary Development. Welcome to Memrise! Join millions of people who are already learning for free on Memrise! It's fast. Thoughts & Notions: Reading and Vocabulary Development 2 by Patricia Ackert, Linda Lee starting at $ Thoughts & Notions: Reading and Vocabulary.
Stampmakers - Activity Page - Dictionary Page. Unit 2 Unusual Sports …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Context Clues 44 1. Thai Boxing 46 2.
Curling 52 3. Lacrosse 57 4. Sumo 62 5. Context Clues 82 1. The Puffer Fish 84 2. Foods from Around the World 89 3. Chocolate 94 4. The Healthy Hunza 99 5. Food of the Future? Fugu - Activity Page - Dictionary Page. Unit 4 Mysteries …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Context Clues 1. The Marie Celeste 2.
The Poltergeist of Rosenheim 3. The Roanoke Settlement 4. The Easter Island Statues 5. The History of Money 2. Mass Marketing: The Coca-Cola Story 3. The Bar Code 4. Inflation 5. Ads - Activity Page - Dictionary Page Sam received a package from his parents yesterday. Ali put a strip of paper in his book so he could remember what page he was. Stop talking immediately! The test started five minutes ago. Half a dozen eggs is six eggs.
You can move it back and forth. You can hit it. You can pick it up. The paper carrier delivers a newspaper to my apartment every morning. I tried to pay the government worker for helping me. They live in different apartments. Then they started fighting a lot. It was a birthday present. Paper is flexible. Tony and Ann got married three years ago. There is a row of trees along each side of our street. Thoughts and Notions Context Clues Put a circle around the letter of the best answer.
Wood and stone are not flexible. Now the couples are living apart. You can carry it. Snow and Ice 5. The changes in the weather every day. The way the weather is all the time. You can do whatever you like. Saudi Arabia has a desert climate. Thoughts and Notions Hot and Dry d. He flies airplane all over the world. You have no homework. Brown is a pilot for British Airways. Canada has a cold climate in winter. The climate in Indonesia is tropical.
There are no classes this afternoon. Do you have clothing without zippers? How does it close? What do you do when you break your zipper?
Are you wearing a zipper? This was embarrassing. The cloth strips are flexible. He was an engineer in Chicago. A zipper has three parts: In the s. How did people ever live without zippers? They are very common. These are fastened to two strips of cloth. The cloth holds all the hooks in place. He called the zipper a slide fastener. Gideon Sundback from Sweden solved this problem. Whitcomb L. Sundback put the hooks on the strips of cloth. A fastener slides the other way. This solved the problem of the zippers.
They come in many colors and sizes. Judson invented the zipper in Then Dr. People wanted an easier way to put on and take off clothes.
Thoughts & Notions: Reading and Vocabulary Development Book 2
They are very strong. They bend easily. Thoughts and Notions 1 The Zipper The zipper is a wonderful invention. Students sit in a circle in some classes. Tony and George had an apartment together. Vocabulary new context Put the right word in the blanks. Vocabulary Put the right word in the blanks. The sentences are from the text. Thoughts and Notions A. Paper is. When it slides the other way.
Comprehension Put a circle around the letter of the best answer. He likes to think and do things for himself. What time does the meeting begin. Giraffes live in grasslands. Metal c. Bending d. Plastic b. Vocabulary Review Put the right word in the blanks. Thoughts and Notions C. Carl put water in the freezer part of the refrigerator. Choosing 2. Cloth d.
Sliding c. Shooting b. They came open very easily 4. The fasteners d. The rows of buttons c. The hooks b. People liked rows of buttons c. They had cloth strips d. The strips of cloth 8. It was hard to open and close them b. Thoughts and Notions 3. American d. Why do we forget that zippers are wonderful? A zipper has hooks. Sundback from? Describe a zipper. Sundback do to make zippers better?
Thoughts and Notions E. What country was Dr. How does it work? What is a newer kind of fastener than the zipper? You cannot find it in the text. Why were the first zippers embarrassing? What did Dr. Main Idea Which is the main idea of this chapter? Choose one. Sundback gave us a wonderful invention. Judson and Dr. Who invented the zipper? When did he invent it? What part of the zipper is flexible? What kind of shoes did Americans wear in the s?
Why is slide fastener a good name for a zipper?
Are zippers strong? Do you write letters to your relatives?
Do you call them on the telephone? Which is more expensive? Does someone in the class have a postage stamp? What does it look like? Name a famous person on a postage stamp.. Other countries started making their own postage stamps very quickly. It takes care of any international mail problems. Rowland Hill. Collecting stamps is one of the popular hobbies in the world. The post office delivered the letter. Some countries did not want to accept any letters with stamps from another country.
Each country in the UPS agreed to accept letters with prepaid postage from the other members. A person bought a stamp and put in on a letter. Postage stamps became popular in Great Britain immediately. Almost every country in the world is a member of this organization.
The British post office made the first stamps in Then the person in the other country paid for that part of the trip. They were the penny black and the Twopence Blue. There were still problems with international mail. The sender paid for the letter to travel in his or her own country.
If a letter crossed several countries. The letters were prepaid. When people received letters. If you download living room furniture. You have a phone call. When you rent an apartment for year.
Vocabulary Review: Opposites Match the words that mean the opposite. He was American. Before postage stamps. Write NI if there is no information given. Write F if it is false. A stamp shows that the postage is prepaid. Members of the UPS accept prepaid letters from other countries. Postage stamps solved all mail problems immediately.
The United States was the second country to make postage stamps. Kuwait is a member of the UPS. The first two stamps were colored black and blue. A teacher invented the postage stamp. Stamp collecting is a popular hobby.
Column A 1. All the UPS officials are Swiss. What country was he from? Why were they popular? People collect stamps because every country makes beautiful ones. When Mr. Why do stamp collectors know about the Penny Black? What does prepaid mean? What does Universal Postal System do today?
Why do people like to collect stamps? Why is it difficult to send a letter to another country before the invention of the postage stamp?
Thoughts and Notions...pdf
Were postage stamps popular? Hill invented the postage stamp. Who invented the postage stamp? Where are its offices? Do you do your homework in pen or in pencil? How do people sharpen pencils? Who in the class has a pen? A pencil? People wrote with feather pens and then used pens with metal points. Ladislao and Georg Biro. Lead is a very heavy metal. A Swiss described a pencil in a book in Graphite is a kind of coal. Then in someone started making pencils from graphite and they became very popular.
Next someone invented a fountain pen that could hold ink inside it. Whatever we call them. Then they put it inside a piece of wood. A fountain pen can write several pages before you have to fill it again. Coal is black.
They used bird feather as pens. Australians call them biros. He said it was a piece of wood with lead inside it. English pilots liked the pens. One pencil can write Vocabulary Today people make pencils in the same way.
Some people call ballpoint pens a bic. They had to dip the point into ink after every few letters. Two Hungarian brothers. Thoughts and Notions 3 Pencils and Pens No one knows who invented pencils or when it happened. They grind the graphite.
Dan works in an ice cream store. Thoughts and Notions Put the right word in the blanks. He flies for Japan Airlines. A little water runs out of it all day. Vocabulary Review At a cafeteria. It is a small class. You can hang your jacket there. Gold Graphite Lead Ink 3.
Wooden Feathers Metal Graphite 5. Wooden Lead Metal Silver 6. Ballpoint pens Pencils Fountain pens A and B 9. Thoughts and Notions a. Coal Lead Graphite Ink 7. England Hungary France Switzerland 8. Coal and graphite Graphite and lead Coal and wood Lead and coal We use pens and pencils every day. Ballpoint pens and pencils are very useful inventions.
Why does a fountain pen leak in an airplane? Who invented the pencil? Hamburger meat Coffee Graphite A. Why was a fountain pen better than the old pens? There were several kinds of pens before ballpoint pens. Which is better. How do people make pencils today? Why is a ballpoint better than a fountain pen for pilots? Describe a modern pencil. Where were the inventors of the ballpoint pen from?
What kind of pens did people write with after feather pens? Describe the pencils in Where did the name biro come from? In what country are Bic pens made? Do you an umbrella? How often do you use it? Do you believe that? What do you do when it rains and you do not have an umbrella?
They say it is bad luck. Some people say not to open an umbrella inside the house. Some African tribes still use umbrellas in this way today. Umbrellas are very old. English explorers saw Native American princes carrying umbrellas on the east coast of North America. England was probably the first country in Europe where ordinary people used umbrellas against the rain. They believed umbrellas were only for women. The Chinese had them in the eleventh century B.
Perhaps you are really a king or queen. Thoughts and Notions 4 Umbrellas The Umbrella is a very ordinary object. England has a rainy climate. In Greece and Rome. When the Spanish explorers went to Mexico. Someone carries an umbrella and walks behind the king or important person. It was a sign of royalty or importance. It seems that people in different parts of the world invented umbrellas at different times. It keeps the rain and the sun off people.
The next time you carry one. Everybody uses umbrellas today. Most umbrellas fold up.
From there. The Yanomami had no metal.
She was too tired. Dan asked Maria to go to the movies with him last night. After you write a letter. What is wrong? Egypt c. Vocabulary Review Underline the word that does not belong. China d. Aztecs b. Spanish explorers What other people invented the umbrella?
Why did English people like umbrellas? In what countries are umbrellas not very useful? Umbrellas are useful in the rain. Thoughts and Notions 5. What are the two uses of umbrella? Why is it easier to carry an umbrella that folds up?
What was an umbrella a sign of in the past? Who uses umbrellas in this way today? How do we know that the Chinese had umbrellas in the eleventh century B. The Chinese and Native Americans invented umbrellas. For centuries only great people used umbrellas. Does your country use the metric system? Do you know another system of measurement? Which countries do not use the metric system?
Mathematicians and scientists worked on these problems for twenty years until they finally finished the complete system. These are all ways to measure things. The mathematicians and scientists decided to use the numbers ten. Before that. They called this one meter.
Then they chose one gram for weighing things. They asked a group of scientists and mathematicians to invent a system.
During the French Revolution against the king. The biggest problem was measuring the meter. Jewelers used another system of measurement. The United States is one. They are all part of the metric system. The metric system is truly an international system. A cubic centimeter of water weighs one gram. The metric system was a wonderful gift to the world. How long is it? Each side is the same size.
Junko Tabei. We need to download a tablecloth. What do centi. May I sharpen it? The French Revolution was after the American Revolution. The United States uses the metric system. The United States uses an old English system of measurement. The metric system is an international scientific system of measurement. A mathematician and a scientist invented the metric system.
How did they choose one gram? Before the Revolution. Why do we call this an international system of measurement? Negative thinking is contagious because it leads to negative talk and the self-fulfilling prophecy. Examples of Self-Fulfilling Prophecies In addition to the examples listed above, the phenomenon of self-fulfilling prophecies can be seen in plenty of other areas of life.
Examples in two such areas are listed below. Examples in the Workplace Perhaps the most salient example of self-fulfilling prophecies in the workplace can be seen in one of the first workplace interactions—the job interview.
Imagine two people with the same qualifications: the same education , the same experience, the same skills. One is supremely confident in her ability to ace the interview, while the other is feeling insecure about his interview skills and predicts he will not get the job offer. The confident individual might enter into the interview with a smile and answer every question with grace, while the more insecure individual might stumble through their answers and doubt their qualification for the job.
Who do you think is more likely to get the job? Clearly, the interviewee who believes in themselves and acts on that belief is more likely to get a job offer than the interviewee who expects to fail.
This prophecy can play out even after someone gets hired. She might avoid asking others for help since she believes the project is doomed anyway. The workplace can also act as host to interpersonal processes that result in self-fulfilling prophecies. Imagine that the employee in the last example has a different attitude about her ability to complete the project. However, her manager is less certain. He neglects to connect his employee with the people she needs to talk to and refuses to enroll her in the training that will help her develop those required skills since he feels it will be a waste of her time and company money.
Because she does not receive the resources she needs to complete the project successfully, it is indeed doomed to fail—but it is the manager who doomed it, not the employee herself. Examples in Relationships There are many examples of self-fulfilling prophecies within relationships. This lack of investment may cause her partner to have doubts, and feel that she is distant and unavailable, thus why should they stick around and invest in hard conversations?
However, her assumption likely influenced her behavior to not expect much and that initial seed caused the relationship to flounder. Partners and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy. Image by Monteiroleo from Pixaby. On a more positive note, a self-fulfilling prophecy can also lead to good outcomes in relationships. This love and attention ensure that his partner is satisfied with the relationship as well, and causes his partner to invest a similar level of time and energy into the relationship. Because his prediction that the relationship will be a long and happy one leads him to behave in a way that supports that prediction, the outcome he predicted is manifested.
Language s: American English Level s: Low-intermediate US Authors: New to this Edition. Companion Site. Student Companion Site. Authors Patricia Ackert. Linda Lee. Inventions and Inventors 2.He must have been looking the other way. Esma rated it it was amazing Nov 23, Who was the Revolution against?
What Sport Do I Play? Negative thinking is contagious because it leads to negative talk and the self-fulfilling prophecy. Which is more expensive? These are fastened to two strips of cloth. Boxing d. He called the zipper a slide fastener.
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